Posts by Sydney Padua

Ada Lovelace Day 2017!

Gooood morning, it’s Ada Lovelace Day! This comic started on Ada Lovelace Day 2009 so every year I celebrate/mourn/as myself “what happened there?” with.. gifs! Feel free to share! In a couple of gif sizes for all your gif needs!





(Good job I’m not looking for 2d animation work for lo these many years…)

Previous years-ada200thsmall ada200thiconbig ada200thicon



Share away, know yourselves out. (“Knock yourself out” means, go right ahead, go crazy in fact; something I should clarify as someone emailed to ask if they could use Lovelace: The Origin in a slideshow and I told them to “knock themselves out” and they were sad.)


Lovelace: The Origin is creative commons so you can feel free to use that too..)

Sexy! Lovelace and Babbage Coming to your screens-

This entry is part 12 of 12 in the series Meanwhile..

This is an emergency broadcast from 2dGoggles- Ada Lovelace and Charles Babbage (the historical ones, or at least a different interpretation of the historical ones) apparently will make a  appearance in the tv show Victoria TONIGHT on ITV in the UK- available also online.


Having resumed her royal duties, Victoria is disconcerted when Albert appears to be drawn to erudite female mathematician, Ada Lovelace, who is working with the acclaimed Charles Babbage. Victoria arranges a cultural evening to meet the pair, but starts to fear that she is losing her husband’s attention.

I take it this is not exactly a documentary as to the best of my knowledge Ada Lovelace never made out with Prince Albert? This would seem to be another, SEXIER, pocket universe! The mind possibly boggles with possibilities, or at least mine did.



Someone on twitter asked for a variant so here: PRESTIGE TELEVISION


Aaaaand in the grand tradition of pantomime smut (these are suuuper rough but yeah I’m not cleaning these up. I apologise in advance.


I’ll return after it airs with a thorough post-mortem! (This will air in the US sometime in 2018 so spoilers I guess).

ps- Vast comics drought from me due to climate change and also I took a vfx gig to avoid writing and it was really effective at that.

The Copenhagen Interpretation, Part One!

It has been observed in a vacuum, that comics spontaneously and randomly disappear, and then equally inexplicably reappear. Please enjoy the following fluctuation.

Ladies and gentlemen,the graphical web post you are about to read was not photographed in a studio.



There are 8,674,256 stories in the naked city now, and this hasn’t even been one of them! Part two of three? Probably? Don’t believe it until you see it!


Hey remember when this comic had NOTES all over the bottom half? Do you feel young again?

— The population of the naked city in 1851 from here (is Lovelace and Babbage’s jurisdiction inner London or greater London? I’m using greater London.. more London, more naked stories). The population of the city had an annual growth rate of 1.9% on average over the century.

— Babbage gives the rate of increase of humanity in general as a positively explosive 6.7% a minute in his justly famous correction to Tennyson:

“In your otherwise beautiful poem one verse reads,

“Every minute dies a man, Every minute one is born;”

I need hardly point out to you that this calculation would tend to keep the sum total of the world’s population in a state of perpetual equipoise, whereas it is a well-known fact that the said sum total is constantly on the increase. I would therefore take the liberty of suggesting that in the next edition of your excellent poem the erroneous calculation to which I refer should be corrected as follows: “Every moment dies a man, And one and a sixteenth is born.” I may add that the exact figures are 1.067, but something must, of course, be conceded to the laws of metre.

(at some point I will make it a mission to discover if this is an actual letter- transcriptions of it differ distressingly on small details. The furthest back I can trace it, at least without having to get up from the couch, is a footnote in an 1910 edition of Tennyson’s poems).

— Babbage of course was a founder of the statistical society and a maniacal keeper of statistics of all kinds. Including of course CRIME! He is the ’eminent statistician’ here:

— the demographics of the average criminal was the work of the french mathematician Adolphe Quetelet, with whom Babbage had a mutual admiration society. You can read all about him in Tales of Statisticians, including his theory of the “normal man”. His 1842 crime statistics are fascinating and can be read here in A Treatise on Man.

— Babbage the determinist was a common Victorian trope, there’s even a bit poetry about it:

This is on account of his spectacularly weird and brilliant Ninth Bridgewater Treatise, from which some of his dialogue above is taken. You can enjoy the whole thing here, or better still read the reviews— even the Babbage-boosters at Mechanics Magazine sum it up with: “Some chapters have no end; many more have no beginning; one at least may be fairly said to have neither beginning, middle, nor end.”

— Victorian police were commonly known as “Peelers”, being founded by Prime Minister Robert Peel; as Lovelace and Babbage were installed by Wellington they are respectfully known as “Wellies”

— my amazing comics working method:



— This comic was drawn because I’m not supposed to be drawing Lovelace and Babbage comics right now, which appears to be the optimal frame of mind for drawing Lovelace and Babbage comics.

UK Paperback coming next week!



Greetings faithful Lovelace and Babbagians, those of you in Greenwich Mean Time will shortly have the chance to feast your eyes on the beautiful paperback edition of The Thrilling Adventures, check it out-



And look what all these lovely people say on the back!


No plans for a paperback in the US as yet! The content is pretty much exactly the same, except for a few small corrections. n.b.:


In a fit of promotional madness I animated the run cycle on the cover, completely forgetting that I haven’t animated anything using DRAWINGS, like some sort of MEDIEVAL PEASANT, since like two Olympics ago. Now I can’t move my arms but here’s a bunch of gifs for all your giffing needs, go nuts:





Eisner Nominations!


Today (assuming I write this post quickly enough, Greenwich Mean Time) is the one-year anniversary of the publication of The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage. So it is extra-gobsmackingly amazing to be able to announce that is has been nominated for two Eisner Awards: Best New Graphic Album and Best Writer/Artist.

It’s fairly obvious that much of the way the comic is drawn is a shameless rip-off adoring tribute to the work of Will Eisner; I’m pretty much out of words to express how honoured, delighted, and astonished I am by this. This is a fairly good result for an imaginary comic I wasn’t really drawing… I feel like I threw myself at the ground and missed and am now soaring through the air.

In other news, Lovelace and Babbage will soon be available in Spanish!  I’ll be in Barcelona next weekend for a launch at legendary comic emporium Gigamesh at 6pm on Saturday the 30th of April.

I’ll also be in the somewhat less Mediterranean environs of Sheffield on Tuesday the 3rd of May ; Cambridge on the 11th of May, and Oxford on the 18th of May.

My latest Giant Monster work can be seen in cinemas by the way, if you were wondering why the silence was so pervasive on this here website it’s partly on account of that was a heck of a lot of work!

Ada Lovelace 200!

It’s Ada Lovelace’s 200th birthday! I’ve spent the last couple of days at the truly extraordinary concatenation of gigantic intellects, Byron scholars and mathematics professors, computer scientists and composers, that was the Oxford Ada Lovelace Symposium. A fuller report to come when I’ve recovered from all the emotions and the Balliol dinner but you can watch my own talk at the 1 hour mark here:

All the talks from the symposium can be viewed online– my own favourite was the wonderful Richard Holmes’ beautiful tribute, starting at the 40 minute mark:

I can announce on this day as well that The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage has been honoured with the British Society of Mathematics Neumann Prize for general-audience book on mathematics history! It’s difficult to express how much this recognition and generosity mean to me. Also I can now win any argument with my husband on any subject by simply pointing out that I am the British Society for the History of Mathematics Neumann Prize winner.

A couple of Adas for her birthday and I am jonesing to draw some comics..


Goodreads Nomination and Some N

choice-logo-large-3b6c5b1100fce5aef9d6da8bc8b34bbb I’m THRILLED to announce that The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage has been nominated for the Goodreads Choice Graphic Novel category. I’m in amongst some of the most distinguished, fabulous, and huge names in comics so this is a truly extraordinary moment for me and this little strange semi-existent comic. Lovelace & Babbage has the smallest, or should I say the most EXCLUSIVE, readership (going by the number of ratings) of any of the books, which makes the nomination all the more en-chuffing. Goodreads Choice is a public vote so please head over and vote for The Thrilling Adventures, maybe we can make it into the finals!

If you’re in the same timeframe as me you are starting to be inundated by snowflake-encrusted mailers and thick catalogues of incredibly specialised baking implements. So it’s a good time to imagine what a perfect holiday gift The Thrilling Adventures would be for the particularly noble, intellectual, and discerning people on your gift list… Further, think of the dazzled joy in the eyes of your loved ones when they unveil an incredibly thoughtful Lovelace-and-Babbage gift- three new designs available as shirts, mugs, and whatnots at the 2dgoggles Zazzle Shop

Lovelace and Babbage Leap T-shirts
Lovelace and Babbage Leap T-shirts by sydney_padua

Ada Lovelace Bicentennary Mug
Ada Lovelace Bicentennary Mug by sydney_padua

And last but never least, a desktop background-sized Brunel for you, drawn under duress and threats of unspeakable tortures for Nick Harkaway’s TEDx Talk


Happy 200th Birthday George Boole!

In honour of Boole’s 200th, here’s his episode in the Thrilling Adventures!




1. Boole is someone I’ve shamefully neglected making fun of in this comic. He was a rather obscure professor of mathematics in Cork, Ireland, son of a housemaid and a cobbler, with a pleasant story of self-made modest success. He was born the same year as Lovelace, and outlived her by a bit over a decade; he did some boring but useful work in differential calculus. He also laid down the foundations for the logic that makes modern computers possible in a medium-sized book, dense with equations, called An Investigation of the Laws of Thought [full text at Project Gutenberg].

Ada Lovelace’s tutor Augustus de Morgan had been working in the 1830s and ’40s towards a mathematical system of logic, to replace the Aristotelean verbal propositions that had been taught to schoolboys for two thousand years. Boole took this idea and ran with it to an extreme of obsessive simplicity. He reduced all possible logical conditions down to two states: true or false, yes or no– expressed as 0 and 1*; and three relationships: AND (multiplication), OR (addition), NOT (negation). A sample from his book serves to show how extremely weird this must have seemed to a Victorian reader:


2. Boole’s answers to Minion’s three questions in the comic demonstrate NOT (No, I will not not come in), OR (Yes, I would like [coffee or tea]), and AND (No, I do not want both). Boole developed his algebra of logic not for machinery but as a theory of how the human mind worked­­ “to collect from the various elements of truth brought to view in the course of these inquiries some probable intimations concerning the nature and constitution of the human mind.” We have scarcely more of an idea of how the human mind is constituted now than in Boole’s day, but the radical simplicity of Boole’s system made it ideal for mechanisation— making Lovelace’s vision of an Analytical Engine run on logic a practical possibility. Lovelace, alas, was two years dead when Laws of Thought was published in 1854. Babbage did own a copy, and he wrote ‘This man is a real thinker’ on the flyleaf.**

Babbage and Boole met once briefly, at the Great Exhibition of 1862; Babbage suggested Boole read Lovelace’s paper. A bystander gives a dazzling glimpse of what must have been one of the most extraordinary conversations of the 19th century: “As Boole had discovered that means of reasoning might be conducted by a mathematical process, and Babbage had invented a machine for the performance of mathematical work, the two great men together seemed to have taken steps towards the construction of that great prodigy a Thinking Machine.” [the amazing letter describing their meeting!]

This notion was first picked up by William Stanley Jevons, an economist who was, like Lovelace, a student of Augustus de Morgan. Jevons became obsessed with making a machine from Boole’s work, to which end he built a “Logic Piano” in the 1860s. This little wooden box slid labelled slats to which the user would assign propositions and relationships by pressing keys. Jevons’ own example of the sort of thing the Logic Piano could work out was:

Iron is a metal

Metal is an element





Which goes to show you that logic isn’t everything. [more on the Logic Piano, with pictures!].

* Boole’s system is actually considerably more complicated– he viewed 0 and 1 as the extremes between which the mind assigns a probability. So “Do I want tea?” might be 0 if you loathe tea and 1 if you’re panting for a cup, but usually something like 0.54 if you’re wondering if it’s worth getting up to boil the kettle. Boolean logic as used by computers uses only pure 0 and 1 however, and most of Boole’s own work treats it this way also.

**I have this beautiful little fact from my favourite book on Babbage, Mr. Babbage’s Secret; The Tale of Cypher­­ and APL, by Danish computer engineer Ole Franksen.

And some bonus Booles:


Ada Lovelace Day is coming up!


Hello Folks! Popping my head above the parapet to remind you that it’s Ada Lovelace Day on Tuesday! It’s a big festival of blogging, tweeting, think-piecing, and taking about inspirational women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics and you can see all the events here. I personally will be in person at Ada Lovelace Day Live on Tuesday at Conway Hall in London signing books.

I am on TELEVISION!! and online– in the UK only alas– you have 7 days left to gaze upon my visage in the excellent BBC documentary Calculating Ada.

Some upcoming events in London: I’ll be giving talks and signing books at the Science Museum Late on October 28th, should be an epic night (with drinks!). I’m also talking at CodeMesh about the very very alternative programming technology of the Analytical Engine.

As the inciting incident of this malarkey it’s always a big day around this blog, in preparation of which I have animated this fine gif for your use and enjoyment, here you go in a variety of sizes:





And finally, on a personal note– having spent the last year hacking my way through impenetrable jungles battling leopards, snakes, and bears at a vengeance of a pace, I’m trying something new this year: I’m taking up the Academic mantle and am now Senior Lecturer in Animation at Bucks University. As I am meant to spend half my time lecturing and half of it THINKING GREAT THOUGHTS (not generally a priority in Visual Effects) this should allow me time to return to drawing comics AT LONG LAST.


The Marvellous Analytical Engine- How It Works


Hi All! As promised: Babbage’s Analytical Engine, how the heck did it work?

If you’re new to this website, you may be only dimly aware of Charles Babbage’s marvellous yet mysterious Analytical Engine, the first design for a real computer, from the 1840s. It had programs, memory, cycles, loops, and all sorts of computery things despite being constructed entirely out of brass gears and powered by a steam engine. When I started this comic I was extremely frustrated by the vagueness of nearly every single description of it. Eventually I had to build my own,  in computer-generated form (how meta!). I found out that it’s not only a delightfully beautiful machine jam-packed with ingenious devices, it’s also considerably easier to understand than a modern computer. How the heck do those things work?

The Thrilling Adventures has an appendix with many diagrams and explanations of how the Analytical Engine worked and how it relates to modern computers, but I think despite the pleasures of print the broad operation of the Engine is most clearly explained by animation. I hope this video makes it clearer– I should stress that a) this is a super-simplified, cartoon, stripped-down version, and b) this is the best of my understanding, gleaned from the papers of the late Allan Bromely (lent to me by John Graham-Cumming, thanks John and I’m totally returning them I swear!!) who wrote I think the most complete modern descriptions of the Engine. I could be SO TOTALLY WRONG on a lot of stuff. So that said, here we go (I um and er a lot less after the first couple of minutes I promise…):

Historical note: I had a moment of sisterhood with Ada Lovelace when I was writing out how the Engine worked. In her correspondence with Babbage while writing her famous Notes on the Sketch of the Analytical Engine, there’s a little exchange between them that neatly displays their personalities. Babbage writes:

There is still one triffling misapprehension about the Variable cards—A Variable card may order any number of Variables to receive the same number upon theirs at the same instant of time—But a Variable card never can be directed to order more than one Variable to be given off at once because the mill could not receive it and the mechanism would not permit it. All this was impossible for you to know by intuition and the more I read your Notes the more surprised I am at them and regret not having earlier explored so rich a vein of the noblest metal.

To which Lovelace replies with the harassed tone familiar to someone buried under piles Analytical Engine diagrams:

I cannot imagine what you mean about the Variable-Cards; since I never either supposed in my own mind that one Variable-card could give off more than one Variable at a time; nor have (as far as I can make out) expressed such an idea in any passage whatsoever.

This is the sort of thing one glances blandly at when reading historical correspondence, until one finds oneself writing: “The Variable Cards then read off the numbers on the addresses into the Mill”.. and then scrupulously adding “ONE AT A TIME” as the ghost of Charles Babbage hovers anxiously over one’s shoulder…

Anyways if you are super keen on this stuff and want to see specifics of some of the thousands of little levers, here is the video on the anticipating carriage for carrying the ones (that still by the way leaves out some bits). Babbage would be beside himself with delight that the first question asked a talk I gave on the comic at Google was how he planned to carry the ones! This part of the Engine was Babbage’s proudest achievement, he called it ‘teaching the Engine to foresee, and to act on that foresight’.

(I have a few more videos on the Engine on YouTube, though they have less explanation, which you may consider a feature.)


Get your lovely hot Analytical Engine prints!


ALSO- by popular demand, you can now buy prints of the Analytical Engine visualisation in glorious Technicolor! (a previous post explained why the colours I chose to paint the Engine are so.. festive). I have some new tshirt designs and a couple of more prints on the way, as soon as I have a half a second which I currently don’t.

Many are asking, will there be more Lovelace and Babbage? The answer is YES! But you’ll have to hold on a YET couple of more months. As some of you may know, I am only a fearless comic-drawer by night; by day I battle giant monsters in the glamorous yet terrifying colosseum of visual effects animation.

In the meantime you can feast your eyes and ears on my flyaway hair and become thoroughly sick of my insufferable squeaky voice on several interviews (not a complete list.. more to come!), legacy of my Book Tour of Doom which I must tell you all about sometime when I have a sec. Also, I’m relieved to report that after being braced for brickbats and jeering if not total baffled silence, there’s a whole bunch of great reviews out for The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbagelinks to a bunch at the bottom of this page.

AND FINALLY.. if you are around London this coming weekend you can catch me at the Stoke Newington Literary Festival on the comics panel on Sunday.